Angelman Syndrome: (15q11q13) FISH Analysis

Test Information

FISH analysis for Angelman syndrome is a cytogenetic test used to identify identify deletions or duplications in chromosome region 15q11q13.

Turnaround Time

28 days; 7 day rush for infants

CPT Code(s)

88275, 88273, 88271, 88291

Cost

$584


Chromosomes

15q11q13

Clinical Information

Angelman syndrome is characterized by severe motor and intellectual disability, absence of speech, ataxia and a characteristic open-mouthed face. Other features such as hypotonia, epilepsy and excessive laughter help in the diagnosis of the condition. Mutations in the ubiquitin-protein ligase E3A gene (UBE3A) located on chromosome 15 are known to be associated with a subset of Angelman syndrome cases.

Indications

Fluorescence in situ hybridization is a molecular cytogenetic technique in which fluorescently labeled DNA probes are hybridized to metaphase spreads or interphase nuclei. Applications include identification of structurally abnormal chromosomes, including identification of marker chromosomes, detection of very small deletions (microdeletions), and rapid detection of Down syndrome and other numerical chromosome abnormalities; and the rapid detection of sex chromosomes and the SRY gene. FISH should be used in conjunction with G-banded chromosome analysis. FISH is performed upon request when a specific numerical or structural abnormality or microdeletion is suspected. FISH is also utilized to confirm microdeletions identified during high resolution chromosome analysis and to aid in identification of abnormal chromosomes.

Specimen Requirements

FISH can be performed on any specimen that can be cultured for chromosome analysis. This includes blood in a green top (sodium heparin) tube, tissue, amniotic fluid, and chorionic villus sampling (CVS). Follow collection and transport guidelines specific for each tissue type. Studies requested should be indicated at the time of sample submission. Prenatal testing will be considered on a case-by-case basis as the lab would like to ensure there is an appropriate indication before accepting a prenatal specimen for testing. Appropriate indications include abnormal ultrasound findings, abnormal NIPT result, and/or family history with a known/identified genetic etiology. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen to discuss your case with a lab genetic counselor.

Transport Instructions

Will vary depending on sample type: Blood: Specimen should be kept at room temperature; do not freeze or refrigerate. Specimen should be sent by courier or overnight mail to arrive at the laboratory the next day. Amniotic Fluid and CVS: Specimen should be kept at room temperature; do not freeze or refrigerate. Specimen should be sent by courier or overnight mail to arrive at the laboratory the next day. Solid Tissue(such as skin biopsy, products of conception, or fetal tissue): Specimen should be kept at room temperature if it will be transported immediately. If specimen is not being immediately transported to the laboratory, it may be refrigerated; do not freeze. Specimen should be sent by courier or overnight mail to arrive at the laboratory the next day.

Prenatal Testing Information

Considered on a case-by-case basis. Additional fees for cell culture and maternal cell contamination may apply. Maternal cell contamination studies are required for most prenatal testing. Contact the laboratory prior to sending a prenatal specimen.

Have Questions? Need Support?

Call our laboratory at 1-800-473-9411 or contact one of our Laboratory Genetic Counselors for assistance.
Robin Fletcher, MS, CGC
Falecia Thomas, MS, CGC
Alex Finley, MS, CGC

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